Under the Indian Income Tax Act, the following provisions relate to the
Tax Deduction at Source from payments to Contractors and Subcontractors
under section 194C.
- Person responsible for paying
any sum for carrying any work to any resident
contractor should deduct tax at source.
should be deducted at source only if the contract is between the
contractor and the following specified persons:
Central Government or any State Government.
corporation established by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act
authority, constituted in
by or under any law, engaged either for the purpose of dealing with and
satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of
planning, development or improvement of cities, towns and villages, or
Society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1960 or any
law corresponding to that Act in any part of
University established by or under any Central, State or Provincial Act
or any institution declared to be a University under the University
Grants Commission Act.
individual or Hindu Undivided Family whose books are required to be
audited under section 44AB during the immediately preceding financial
year. [The turnover from business/profession exceeds the limits
specified u/s 44AB during the immediately preceding financial year].
Association of persons or Body of Individuals, whether incorporated or
not, whose books are required to be audited under section 44AB during
the immediately preceding financial year.
or HUF need not deduct tax if the contract is exclusively for personal
Note: As per section 206AA, with effect from 1.4.2010, every person who
receives income subject to TDS under chapter XVIIB (covers all TDS
cases) shall furnish to the deductor, his PAN. If PAN is not so
furnished, the rate of TDS will be at the rates specified in the Act or
at the rates currently in force or at 20% whichever is higher. Please
note that this applies to non residents also.
- Income Tax should be deducted at
the time of payment or credit to the account of the contractor
whichever is earlier.
Tax is to be deducted at
source @ 1% if the contractor/sub contractor payee is an individual or
HUF. Payment of amounts to persons other than Individual/HUF would
attract TDS rate of 2%.
- Provisions of Section 194C are
applicable only where the contract is either a “contract for carrying
out any work” or a “contract for supply of labour
for works contract”. Hence, these provisions are not applicable for
payments made under the contract of sale of goods.
For the purpose of this section, the following contracts are also
included in the scope of “Work”:
but does not include manufacturing or supplying a product according to
the requirement or specification of a customer by using material
purchased from a person, other than such customer.
and telecasting including production of programs for broadcasting and
of goods and passengers by any mode of transport other than Railways.
- Manufacturing or
supplying a product according to the requirement or specification of a
customer by using material purchased from such customer.
deduction of tax at source shall be made under this section in the
the amount paid/payable or credited/likely to be credited to the
contractor/sub-contractor does not exceed Rs.30,000/-
in a single instance (Applicable from 1.7.2010. previously it was Rs.20,000). However, the total of amounts paid or credited
during the financial year should not exceed Rs.75,000/-.
If the said amount exceeds Rs.75,000/-, then, the liability for payment
arises on the whole of amount paid or credited and not on the amount in
excess of Rs.75,000/-.( The limit of Rs.75,000 is applicable from 1.7.2010. Previously it was Rs.50,000)
the case of a sub-contractor who is a resident individual and who owns
not more than two goods carriages during the previous year, no tax
shall be deducted at source during the course of business of plying,
hiring or leasing goods carriages if he provides a declaration to the
person responsible for payment to that effect in the prescribed form.
Tax is to be deducted on the amount of payment/credit and not on the
income part of the amount.
a case where advance payments are made in pursuance of contract to be
adjusted against work to be done, tax has to be deducted at the time of
the advance payments.
provisions of Sec 194C does not apply to payments made to Airlines or
travel agents for the purpose of travel of individuals even though the
payment/credit is made by the specified persons. But, if the aircraft
is chartered for carriage of passengers or goods, this section shall be
applicable. [Circular No.713 dt.2-8-1995 and No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- In the case of advertising
contracts, tax needs to be deducted only when the client makes payment
to the advertising agency and not when the advertising agency makes
payment to the media (includes both print and electronic media).
[Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- If there is a consolidated bill
given by advertising agencies which may include artwork charges etc
apart from advertising charges, the rate applicable is 1% on the whole.
Tax is to be deducted on the gross amount of the bill (including the
portion of media bill) and not on the commission of the advertising
agency. But, payments made to Doordarshan
(Now Prasar Bharati) are not subject to TDS
since it is a government agency and hence, not liable to income tax.
[Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995].
- The contract for putting up a
hoarding is an advertising contract and hence, is covered under section
194C. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- But, if a particular space has
been taken on rent by a person who subsequently sub lets it for putting
up a hoarding, the TDS liability is not under Section 194C but under
section 194-I. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- In the case of sponsorship for
debates, seminars and other functions held in colleges, schools and
associations with a view to earn publicity through display of banners,
etc., put up by the organisers,
the agreement of sponsorship is in essence an agreement for carrying
out a work of advertisement. Therefore, provisions of section 194C
will apply. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- Tax is deductible at source on
payments for costs of advertisements issued in the souvenirs brought
out by various organisations.
[Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995].
- Payments to Clearing and
Forwarding agents for carriage of goods are subject to TDS. The
Clearing and Forwarding agents themselves are also liable to deduct tax
on payments to a carrier of goods. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- Payments to couriers are also
covered u/s 194C because the carriage of documents, letters etc is in
the nature of carriage of goods. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995]
- In the case of payments to
transporters, each GR can be said to be a separate contract, if the
goods are transported at one time. But if the goods are transported
continuously in pursuance of a contract for a specific period or
quantity, each GR will not be a separate contract and all GRs relating to that period or
quantity will be aggregated for the purpose of TDS. Even when the goods
are received on ‘freight to pay’ basis, the TDS provisions would be
applicable, irrespective of the actual payment. [Circular No.715
- TDS is not required to be made
when payment is made for serving food in a restaurant in the normal
course of business of the restaurant. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995].
- Payments to recruitment agencies
are in the nature of payment for services rendered and not for carrying
out any work. Hence, they are not covered under section 194C.
However, such payments are liable to TDS under section 194J. [Circular
- The provisions of Section 194C
would apply in case of supply of any article or thing as per prescribed
specifications only if it is not a contract for sale. [Circular
- Electrical contracts,
maintenance contracts are covered by Section 194C. If any technical
services are rendered, such payments would be covered under Section
194J. [Circular No.715 dt.8-8-1995].
- Since Section 194C refers to
“any sum paid”, if the bill contains reimbursement of expenses also,
the TDS is applicable on the reimbursements also. [Circular No.715
dt.8-8-1995]. However, if there are separate bills for contract
payments and reimbursement of expenses, then, TDS is not required to be
made on reimbursement of expenditure.
- Rendering of services for
procurement of orders is not covered by Section 194C. [Circular No.715
- In case of payments made to cold
customer is not given any right to use any demarcated space/place or
the machinery of the cold store and thus does not
become a tenant. Therefore, the provision of 194-I is not applicable to
the cooling charges paid by the customers of the cold storage. However,
since the arrangement between the customers and cold storage owners are
basically contractual in nature, the provision of section 194-C will be
applicable to the amounts paid as cooling charges by the customers of
the cold storage. [Circular No.1/2008 dt.10-1-2008].
Disclaimer: All the information
provided above is for informative purposes only. You are advised to
consult your tax consultant before you act upon any of the above
information. In spite of this, if any person acts upon this information
and suffers any loss, we are not to be held liable.
Though all efforts have been made to provide latest information, you
are advised to check latest circulars, latest changes in law etc from
the Indian Income Tax Department.
www.incometaxquery.comis a participant in the Amazon Services LLC
Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees
by advertising and linking to (amazon.com, or endless.com, MYHABIT.com, SmallParts.com, or